Alcohol and Your Eyesight

Alcohol and Eyesight

Did you know that excessive drinking of alcohol can have implications on your eyesight and other parts of your body.

Here is our list of short term and long term effects of drinking excessive alcohol on your eyesight.

Short Term Effects of Alcohol on your Eyesight:

1.  Reduced Visual Performance

Drinking heavily affects the brain function which results in an altered vision.  This is due to alcohol slowing the communication between the brains neurotransmitters.  This can cause blurred vision or double vision due to weakened eye muscles hence why drivers have slower reactions.

2.  Decreased Pupil Reaction

Alcohol reduces the speed of your iris constricting and dilating with regards to different light levels surrounding them which can cause temporary blindness.  This can be an issue for drivers where headlights of oncoming cars can dazzle you.

3.  Lower Contrast Sensitivity

When under the influence of alcohol it is more difficult to distinguish between shades of grey hence driving in foggy conditions puts lives at risk.

4.  Dry Eyes

A study by Hallym University College of Medicine confirms that drinking alcohol can increase the symptoms of dry eyes.

5.  Eye twitching

Eye twitching (myokymia) can be triggered by exccessive alcohol consumption.

6.  Migraines

Alcohol consumption can make your eyes sensitive to light which can trigger migraine headaches.

7.  Eye Appearance

You are more prone to “blood shot” eyes due to alcohol dilating the blood vessels in the eye giving a prominent red appearance.

Long Term Effects of Alcohol on your Eyesight:

1.  High Risk of Eye Disorders

Numerous studies have shown that a heavy drinker is more likely to develop cataract and age related macular degeneration.

2.  Defective Vision due to Vitamin Deficiency

Heavy drinking can cause liver damage.  When the liver gets damaged, the body has difficulty in absorbing vitamins therefore causing vitamin deficiency.  Vitamin B1 deficiency due to alcohol intake causes paralysis and weakness of eye muscles whereas vitamin A due to excessive alcohol drinking causes reduced night vision, thinning of cornea, dry eyes and retinal damage.

3.  Optic Neuropathy

Also known as tobacco alcohol amblyopia.  Excessive drinkers can develop this condition where the optic nerve is damaged resulting in a painless loss of vision.

4.  Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Mothers that drink excess alcohol whilst pregnant put their babies at risk with vision difficulties.

As with all things, drink alcohol moderately and never drink and drive.  If you need any assistance with your home eyecare needs contact us today.

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